The New Kincardineshire Emigration Scheme (From a Correspondent.)
“In reply to some inquiries respecting the New Kincardineshire County of New Brunswick, recently noticed in the Herald, we may mention that the first party of emigrants, who will leave from Glasgow in April, is completed; but as many families are unable to proceed at that date, a second party, in the present season, will probably leave the Clyde in June. The latter arrangement will depend upon the progress made in the preparations stipulated for the reception of the immigrants, and their comfort, on their arrival in the colony. The first party will leave this country with all the appliances and arrangements common to a well-ordered rural parish and village in Scotland. Their store, bakery, and mill will be in readiness before they reach their future homes, and they may have hot rolls from their bakery to breakfast on their first morning at their own land. A selection of the necessary tradesmen has been carefully made, and in medical, educational, and ecclesiastical provisions the first parish of the new county will begin life in far better order than old Kincardineshire presented when St Palladius preached in “the House,” or, long afterwards, when George Wishart began his remarkable career of Gospel and Greek teaching on the North Esk –– in order nearly equal to that of the parishes in the old county at the present time. This is the first practical step in a thorough movement, and New Kincardineshire will have many successors before British North America be allocated to individual farmers and cultivated; . . .”
“. . . But this New Kincardineshire soil can be cleared and cropped in the same season, and the clearance pays its cost, if in no other manner, with ashes for manure. . . . The number of the first party of these emigrants cannot be increased, because the necessary preparations for their reception will occupy all the remaining time. If the country in subsequent years looks as regular as the plans on which each family’s allotment and house are carefully marked, and if the emigrants show the means of raising the corn, the dairy produce, and the provisions we require near home, this country will be benefited, they will be rewarded; and any advisable agricultural emigration will not impair but increase our strength and wealth. The peculiar arrangement between the New Kincardineshire colonists and the province of New Brunswick only extends to 1874, so far as colonial expenditure is involved; but may, and probably will, be renewed. The province of Ontario is now likely to adopt a similar plan. The idea thus far brought into practice, of emigration by sections, and settlement on the same principle, has already taken root in the North, and several new companies are proposed, similar to the first in the combination of farmers with considerable capital, and labourers who have only industry, skill, and strength. If the annual current of emigration be regulated in this manner, and turned to available lands near shipping ports, it will be felt on the supply of agriculture produce within a few years.”
Read the entire article.